8th United States Colored Infantry, Company A
Company A, 8th USCI~
A Civil War Living History/Reenacting unit based in Central Pennsylvania dedicated to the memory of African Americans who made up the United States Colored Troops. The mission of Company A is to educate and inform the public of the important contributions made by the USCT. Company A, 8th USCI is a non-profit Orginization.
When the original Company A and the rest of the 8th Regiment left Camp William Penn to fight for the Union cause in January, 1864 they took with them Black Men from several Pennsylvania Counties. Company A, Privates Isaac Buckmaster and Jonathan Buckmaster are buried in the Lincoln Cemetery Gettysburg, PA Private John Ukkerd also of Company A, is buried in the Lebanon Cemetery Chambersburg, PA along with Private David Kelly of Company D.
Company A was formed in September, 1863 and along with Companies F and D went to Delaware in December to recruit. These Companies were well recieved by the local residents and a number of men were recruited.
History of the 8th USCI~
The 8th Inf. Regiment was formed at Camp William Penn near Philadephia, PA from Sept. to Dec. 1863. During the Civil War Camp William Penn produced 11 Regiments of United States Colored Infantry more than any other single camp. The 8th USCI was made up of free Black Men from Pennsylvania and other northern States and run away slaves from several border States. The 8th Regiment's first Commander Colonel Charles W. Fribley was killed at the Battle of Olustee.
After being mustered into service in Jan. 1864 the 8th was sent to Florida and assigned to the Dept. of the South. In August of 1864 the 8th was reassigned to Virginia and attached to the 3rd Division, 10th Corps, Army of the James. In late 1864 the 8th was assigned to the newly formed 25th Army Corps, Army of the James. The 25th Army Corps was the first and only all Black Army Corps. When the Civil War ended the 8th along with the entire 25th Corps was sent to Texas to guard the border with Mexico. The Regiment was mustered out of service December 12th, 1865 in Philadelphia, PA.
The 8th Regiment lost during service 4 Officers and 115 Enlisted Men killed and mortally wounded and 132 Enlisted Men by disease. By the end of the War the 8th USCI numbered third among all Black Regiments in terms of combat losses.
Olustee, FL Febuary 20, 1864
Deep Bottom, VA August 12, 1864
Chapins Farm, VA September 28-30, 1864
Darbytown Road, VA October 13, 1864
Fair Oaks, VA October 27-28, 1864
Appomattox Campaign, VA March 29-April 8, 1865
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"Once let the black man get upon his person the brass letters 'US, let him get an eagle on his button and a musket on his shoulder and bullets in his pockets and there is no power on earth which can deny that he has earned the right to citizenship in the United States"
-Frederick Douglass 1863