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A text character usually lives as an Octet, which is a single byte or 8 bits of data. Using 8 bits allows for 256 (a range from 0-255) possible distinct character codes. While the HTTP protocol allows the full 256 character range of the ISO 8859-1 (ISO Latin) characters to be transported, not all operating systems or applications may natively support this range. In order to increase portability and viewability of this character set on all browsers, HTML offers alternative representations of all the ISO Latin characters using coded Character Entities (see index below.) These case-sensitive, coded representations are created using characters from a proper subset of the ISO Latin character set known as ASCII.

Character Entity Indexes

The ISO-8859-1 Character Set
000-031 | 032-064 | 065-096 | 097-126
127-159 | 160-191 | 192-223 | 224-255

Unicode Character Entities

Arrows - Arrow Shapes
Greek Capitals - Greek capital characters
Greek Smalls - Greek 'lower case' characters
Math Symbols - Characters commonly used in mathematics
Miscellaneous letters - Latin Extended-A and B characters and Letter-like Symbols
Miscellaneous shapes - Playing card suit symbols and other graphical symbols
Miscellaneous technical symbols - Characters used in various technical disciplines
Bi-directional and spacing characters - Characters used to control bi-directional text and text spacing
General punctuation set 1 - Commonly used punctuation characters
General punctuation set 2 - More commonly used punctuation characters

Example code:

À = Ë


À = Ë

See Also: